That we have so many misconceptions about snakes is a sad truth. For instance, the term 'snake' seems to have become synonymous to venomous of late; that despite the fact that only around 600 of the 3,400 species of snakes are venomous and even fewer are potentially harmful to humans. Similarly, most people have no idea as to why snakes are not found in the cold regions of the world ... or that they are not found in cold regions for that matter.
Snake Habitat in Wild
As we said earlier, snakes are found in nearly all the biomes of the world. They exist everywhere; right from the dense forests of South Asia―the King cobra (Ophiophagus hannah)―to the arid regions of North America―the western diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox). Even the pine and scrub oak sandhills of North America―eastern coral snakes (Micrurus fulvius)―and the Savannah grasslands of Africa―ball pythons (Python regius)―have a fair share of species to their credit.
Besides, there also exist snakes that inhabit water. There are approximately 62 species of sea snakes in the world―the pelagic sea snake (Pelamis platura) being the most common. Then there are species that frequent between land and water. Genus Nerodia, for instance, comprises nine species which are known as water snakes because of their aquatic behavior.
Snakes are cold-blooded creatures, which means they have to rely on external source of heat to regulate their body temperature. That makes it impossible for them to survive in cold regions. If the European viper is able to survive near the Arctic, it's because it resorts to hibernation.
Some snakes resort to physical adaptations to survive in the unlikeliest places. Sea snakes, for instance, are equipped with flattened paddle-like tails, which makes it easier for them to move in the water. Similarly, the coloration of copperhead snakes (Agkistrodon contortrix), native to the deciduous forests and dense woodlands of North America, complements their natural surroundings and provides them cover from predators. In fact, their camouflage is so perfect that it is very difficult to spot a copperhead lying among the dry leaves in this region.
In some regions, snakes live in the vicinity of human settlements―a deadly combination which is bound to harm either the snake itself or humans. These reptiles prefer hiding in gardens, basements, and other cluttered places where they feel at home.
How to Prepare an Ideal Habitat for Your Pet Snake?
Ophidiophobia, i.e., the abnormal fear of snakes, is one of the most common phobias in the world, which explains why snakes are relatively less popular as pets. Of the few species that are often kept as pets, king snakes, corn snakes, and ball pythons are the most common. If you want to keep a pet snake―and that, mind you, is not as easy as it seems―then you need to have a rough idea about their habitat in the wild. Based on that, you will be able to prepare a captive habitat for your pet. While the specific requirements will differ from species to species, certain guidelines will be common to all; especially the ones pertaining to housing, heating, humidity, etc.
It goes without saying that the habitat of a snake in captivity should also include a source of drinking water, ideally in the form of a dish. More importantly, you need to ensure that the temperature and humidity levels of your pet snake's habitat are optimum.
As we mentioned earlier, you need to get the basics of the habitat right if you intend to keep a snake as a pet. Even if you don't intend to, it's not like you will get bored reading about the wild or captive habitat of these reptiles.