Many people, who love to own a dog are hypersensitive to allergens that can easily trigger allergic reactions. However, there are many dog breeds that are hypoallergenic, meaning they are more compatible with a family that is prone to allergies.
Shedding is one of the biggest complaints that dog owners have. Apart from the annoying chore of cleaning piles of dog hair, shedding can also be a health hazard for people suffering from allergies and asthma. Common allergens that cause a flare-up include the dog’s saliva, urine, and pet dander. Luckily, there are dog breeds, which are less likely to trigger an allergic reaction. These are known as hypoallergenic dogs. With dog breeds that shed less, there will be less hair around the house, and the number of potential allergens will be low. Although you may be suffering from an allergy, you can still enjoy the love and friendship of “man’s best friend”.
If you are looking for non-shedding dog breeds, a bit of research will show you that there are quite a few, which you can choose from. Most of them possess a single coat layer. Besides, reducing the risk of triggering hypersensitivity reactions, you will be glad to hear that you will encounter lesser mess brought about by shedding of hair. However, it is also important to remember that regular grooming still remains an essential part of dog care.
Dog Breeds That Shed Less
Bichon Frise, which means curly lap dog in French, is a small breed of dog. It is similar to the Maltese in appearance, but is slightly bigger in size. It is a small, but sturdy dog having a silky undercoat and curly outer coat. Surprisingly, considering its hairy appearance, shedding is minimal. This is good for people, who are prone to allergies, as the curly hair traps the dander and can be easily cleared and cleaned during grooming. It is best to have a Bichon Frise groomed approximately every four to eight weeks. Daily brushing of the coat helps to prevent matting.
Often known as ‘sausage dogs’ or ‘wiener dogs’, dachshunds are the members of the hound family. The name, literally means badger dog in German, with ‘Dachs’, meaning badger and ‘hund’, meaning dog. They come in three coat variations: short hair, long hair, and wiry hair. Long-haired Dachshunds may shed, thus requiring daily grooming; however, the other varieties don’t shed that much. Perfect for apartments, these small dogs do not require much exercise. Daily walks and indoor playtime serves the purpose. They are also considered excellent watch dogs, as they have a very loud bark.
A miniature schnauzer has distinctive clipped hair on its face that looks like a beard and mustache. It has a double coat, which is wiry on the outside and softer on the inside. This breed requires regular grooming, but it hardly ever sheds, making it an excellent breed for those who are prone to allergies. It is playful, spunky, and friendly. It enjoys the company of children and makes for an awesome family pet. Also, it loves to travel, thus making for a wonderful travel companion.
Yorkshire terriers, one of the world’s most popular breeds, are small dogs with a big personality. They are enthusiastic, energetic, affectionate, and loyal to immediate family. Yorkies, as they are lovingly called, have a long luxurious coat that sheds very little; however, they require regular brushing and grooming. They have a continuous hair growth, like humans, so, you won’t find hair all over unless you do not trim them. They can also be good watch dogs, as they are very protective and territorial.
American Hairless Terrier
The American hairless terrier is excellent for extremely sensitive allergy sufferers. Studies have found them to be the best breed for people with dog allergies. These dogs have absolutely no hair/fur on their body, and thus no dander. Most people who cannot tolerate a Bichon, Poodle, or Yorkie can tolerate this breed. They are intelligent, alert, playful, and loving dogs. Since they don’t have hair, they should wear a sweater in cold weather. All in all, their inquisitive, affectionate, and lively nature makes them an excellent companion for anyone.
Soft-coated Wheaten Terrier
This hairy terrier could be your perfect Irish mate! Originating from Ireland, this dog has a single coat, which sheds very little hair, making it perfect for asthmatic, or allergic owners. Wheaten terriers have hair instead of fur, which keeps growing. They do need some trimming and should be brushed and combed regularly. Soft-coated wheaten terriers are very smart dogs and easy to train. They love people and rarely have aggression issues.
Even though the Shih Tzu has a long silky coat, it is considered to be a ‘non-shedder’. It has a flowing double coat that falls to the ground. Most pet owners prefer to keep the hair trimmed, as long coats require time and effort to keep it looking good. Even if the hair is clipped, it needs to be groomed regularly with daily brushing to avoid tangles and mats. Even though Shih Tzu means “little lion,” this loving dog is anything but fierce and ferocious. It is a wonderful lapdog and enjoys being indoors with its master.
The Boston Terrier is a small and compactly built dog with erect ears, short tails, and a short wrinkle-free muzzle. This dog possesses a smooth, short hair coat, which can be easily groomed. Boston terriers do not have a strong canine odor, and shedding is relatively insignificant. They are known to be gentle, alert, expressive, and well-mannered. A negative aspect about them would be their stubborn nature, which can be altered if trained early.
The Maltese is an utterly adorable toy dog with long silky hair. The dog’s hair sheds either minimally, or doesn’t at all, if cared for properly. Even though shedding is not a concern with this pooch, it requires regular brushing and washing, which can be time-consuming. It needs to get professionally groomed about once in every two months. Despite its small size, this dog is known to be fearless, and would come charging, when it senses a threat. Also, it has a stubborn streak, which can be quite a challenge during the training period.
Also known as Congo terrier, this breed is a smooth-coated, muscular, and athletic dog. This pup does not shed a lot, and has very little dander. The short-haired coat needs less grooming. You would be surprised to know that the Basenji is the only dog breed that doesn’t bark! However, it sometimes, makes an odd yodeling noise, which can be a bit annoying. This dog is alert, affectionate, energetic, and curious. Like most hounds, it can be hard to train, but it makes up for it with its lovable personality.
Breeds That Shed the Most
- Bernese Mountain Dog
- German Shepherd
- Golden Retriever
- Alaskan Malamute
- Chow Chow
Other Breeds that Shed Less
- Miniature Poodle
- Chinese Crested Dog
- Portuguese Water Dog
- Cocker Spaniel Poodle Mix
- Cairn Terriers
- Norfolk Terrier
- Irish Water Spaniel
The above-mentioned list should prove helpful for people, who have allergies. However, it should be noted that human sensitivity to dog fur, dander, and saliva varies considerably, and not all allergies are the same. Even the most hypoallergenic dog can cause a reaction of some sort. The best way to know the right breed for you is to spend time with various breeds (you are looking at buying). You could do a trial-like babysitting of the dog for a week to know if it affects you. Rest assured, these cuties will shower you with all the love and affection.