Must-know Facts about the Leaf-tailed Gecko

The leaf- or flat-tailed gecko is an unusual yet beautiful carnivorous lizard. This reptile is a very interesting one, as it has many qualities that are unique to it. This PetPonder article states some must-know facts about the leaf-tailed gecko.
PetPonder Staff
Did You Know?
The Satanic leaf-tailed gecko is found in the primary and secondary tropical forests, endemic to the African island of Madagascar.
The leaf-tailed gecko is a very fascinating creature. Now, you may ask why. Well, the first reason for this is its appearance. If you look at this lizard resting among a pile of leaves or twigs, it is next to impossible to actually find it. These tree dwellers are masters of camouflage and disguise, because they make themselves look exactly like dead leaves or tree barks. They mimic the patterns on trees, leaves, and twigs, thus making themselves nearly invisible to their predators and unsuspecting prey.
This gecko belongs to the genus Uroplatus, which comes from two Greek words - "ourĂ¡" and "platys", meaning "tail" and "flat", respectively. These creatures are not very fast, as their average speed is approximately 30 miles per hour. Sadly, due to human encroachment on their habitat, this beautiful and intriguing creature is a threatened species. This write-up gives you some more interesting information about the leaf-tailed gecko.
Interesting Facts about the Leaf-tailed Gecko
Biological Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Reptilia
Order Squamata
Family Gekkonidae
Genus Uroplatus
Appearance
The appearance of this creature is like no other. It has a transparent covering over its eyes due to the absence of eyelids. The gecko cleans this covering using its long tongue. The most notable feature about this lizard is its tail, which it is named after. It is flat and leaf-like. This lizard is found in four colors - green, black, brown, and tan, depending on the species and habitat. Every species of this lizard has unique markings. The average size of leaf-tailed geckos ranges from 10 cm to more than 30 cm, depending on the species. The only exception to this is the spearpoint leaf-tailed gecko, the smallest species of Uroplatus, whose size is just 75 mm. Their skin is scaly, while their toes are sticky and broad.
Habitat and Food
Except the Southern leaf-tailed gecko, every other species of this creature is endemic to Madagascar. They usually populate the tropical forests of Madagascar. Their favorite food is spiders, but they are also known to gorge on other smaller insects. These geckos are nocturnal creatures; therefore, they come out to hunt only at night.
Threats
The natural predators of this lizard are owls, eagles, snakes, and rats. Due to threats on their natural habitat, like excessive deforestation and human encroachment, the existence of these creatures is in jeopardy. According to the World Wildlife Fund, the flat-tail gecko is endangered due to pet trade and is in their list of top ten most wanted species.
Breeding
Due to the leaf-tailed gecko's secretive and mysterious ways, very little is known about its mating and breeding. The females lay about 2 to 4 eggs in a safe place.
The leaf-tailed gecko has 15 species, out of which only the Southern leaf-tailed gecko (Phyllurus) is found in Australia; the rest are found on Madagascar and its surrounding islands. The 14 species of the leaf-tailed gecko (Uroplatus) found in Madagascar are as follows:

Species
Generic Name English Name IUCN Status
Uroplatus alluaudi Alluaud's leaftail, Northern flat-tail gecko Near Threatened
Uroplatus ebenaui Eban's or Spearpoint leaf-tailed gecko Vulnerable
Uroplatus fimbriatus Giant leaf-tail gecko Least Concern
Uroplatus finiavana - Near Threatened
Uroplatus giganteus White-eyed 'fimbriatus' Vulnerable
Uroplatus guentheri Gunther's leaf-tail gecko Endangered
Uroplatus henkeli Henkel's or Frilled leaf-tail gecko Vulnerable
Uroplatus lineatus Lined leaf-tail gecko Least Concern
Uroplatus malahelo - Endangered
Uroplatus malama - Vulnerable
Uroplatus phantasticus Satanic, Fantastic, or Eyelash leaf-tail gecko Least Concern
Uroplatus pietschmanni Spiny or Cork-bark leaf-tail gecko Endangered
Uroplatus sameiti - Least Concern
Uroplatus sikorae Mossy leaf-tail Least Concern

These creatures are truly amazing and unique. The pet trade of these lizards is growing rapidly due to its calm and easy temperament, and efforts are being made to breed the species that are endangered and vulnerable in captivity, so as to increase their numbers.