Goldfish were the first breed of fish that were domesticated and came to be used as aquarium fish. These are freshwater fish, which belong to the Cyprinidae family. As the fish gained popularity, many different breeds came to be developed.
Caring For Your Goldfish
These fish feel content to live in pairs as being alone can limit their life span. To enhance the longevity of their lives, learn about setting up a tank and maintaining it. Preparing the tank is important before bringing home the fish.
The tank must be prepared prior to bringing the fish. This helps in generating bacteria that is required to break down fish waste. After landscaping the tank, fill it with water and fix a filter inside it.
Run the tank for a couple of days to keep it clean from dirt and harmful bacteria. Keep a check on the concentration of ammonia. Ammonia levels in the tank should be up to 4 - 5ppm. Landscaping provides the fish with mental stimulation and generates a comfortable habitat for it.
Cleaning the Tank
Cleaning depends on the number of fish and size of the tank. Bigger the tank less is its maintenance. They eat a lot and produce a lot of waste. Therefore, the tank needs to be cleaned once in two weeks. Placing real plants in the tank can absorb the ammonia, nitrite and nitrate and keep the tank clean. Use a dechlorinator to reduce the level of chloramine.
A constant check on the levels of nitrite, nitrate and ammonia is important. A rise in the level of these elements might make the water acidic and poisonous for your fish. Use a vacuum to remove all the dirt from the tank.
Once all the dirt is vacuumed, add some water to the tank. The temperature of the added water must match with that of in the tank. Let the fish be in the tank while adding water to it. Change water partially and also observe the pH level. The average pH level should range between 6.5 - 8.25.
Therefore, the fish owner must continuously keep a check on the amount of food consumed by the fish. Feeding them twice in a day is sufficient and will also keep them healthy.
In case there is some amount of food floating on the water, immediately remove it. Fish food gets soaked in water and sinks to the bottom of the tank. This makes the water dirty and reduces oxygen too. Hence, the owner must wait till the fish finishes eating the food that is already been given to it.