The fence must be easy to locate, strong and durable, and reduce the chances of the horse hurting itself by coming in contact with it. It should be devoid of free or sharp ends as well, which could injure the foot of the horse. It uses both post-and-rail and post-and-wire constructions.
Knowing which type is suitable for your horse is the best way to keep him/her safely contained. It can be a high expense for any horse owner, but can definitely be done on a budget. Given are some affordable ideas which you can choose from.
For permanent horse enclosures made of wire, use T-posts or wooden posts with tightly-stretched smooth wires or mesh, topped with a single strand of electric wire. The posts for horses can be spread out widely, up to 50 feet or even more when using a high tensile wire with one or two lines.
You can create temporary fences from fiberglass rods made to accommodate the electric wire or tape as well. Horses can often sense when the fence is electrified and when it is not.
To teach the horse to respect the fence, walk him/her up to it and touch his/her nose to it. This will deliver both a mild electric shock, and the message that the fence is a barrier to be respected. Alternatively, you can have a solar-powered fence, as it costs nothing to run.
Also make sure that the posts used to hold the fencing are large and sturdy. Choosing posts with an 8 to 12 inch diameter will ensure that the fence stays, and that the maintenance needs will be modest and affordable.
You could use farms as a replacement for fences. A chain-linked fence is a great recycled horse fence. If you could reuse the materials, then don't hesitate and go ahead. You will only require man power for clean up and labor.
The biggest advantage is that it requires almost no maintenance, and does not suffer from splintering or rotting like the traditional wooden fences. It does not require repainting as well. It might be a bit costly, but it is a good alternative to wooden fences.
While building a fence, the main aim is to use posts made of wood or metal. Wooden posts look very attractive and are always safe to use when horses are around. Metal T-posts are famous as well, but they could be easily destroyed by the horses leaning on the fence. Posts and railroad ties, whether wooden or metal, are easily available in farm supply stores.